Aerial view of the ruins of Xochicalco (Miacatlán Municipality, western part of the state of Morelos). The main ceremonial center is located on top of an artificially leveled hill with long terraces covering the slopes.
A site that quite clearly reflected the changes that occurred at the end of the Classical period (200-1000 AD), and that to a certain extent announced the following Post-Classic period, was Xochicalco located in the valley of Morelos, whose ruins occupy an impressive succession of artificial terraces which give it the appearance of a semi-fortified acropolis.
The name Xochicalco comes from the Nahuatl and means “in the house of Flowers”. Although the site was first occupied by 200 BC, it didn’t become an urban center until the Epiclassic period (700-900 AD). Nearly all the architecture known today at the site was built at this time. Xochicalco was founded ca. 650 AD by the Olmeca-Xicallanca…
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