Pre-Columbian Art of Mexico, The Central Mexican Plateau-Aztec Art

ArS Artistic Adventure of Mankind

4. Aztec Art:

Reconstruction of the ceremonial center of Mexico-Tenochtitlan (top) and the Templo Mayor (bottom). This city-state was located on an island in Lake Texcoco (Valley of Mexico). Tenochtitlan was founded on June 20, 1325, and soon became the capital of the Aztec Empire during the XV century, until it was captured by Spanish Conquistadores in 1521. At its peak, Tenochtitlan was the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas. Today the ruins of Tenochtitlan are located in Mexico City’s downtown.

Tribe of humble and dark nomadic origins, the Aztec people included some ethnic groups of central Mexico who particularly spoke the Nahuatl language and who ruled large extensions of Mesoamerica between the XIV and the XV centuries. The word “Aztec” is used to refer to several ethnic groups that claim heritage from their mythic place of origin called Aztlan. In the Nahuatl language, “aztecatl” means “person…

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