In order to simplify the account of the Mesoamerican pre-Hispanic art, it is appropriate to analyze the art that took place in each of the four main areas of ancient Mexico from the beginning of the Classic period (AD 200) to the Spanish conquest (1519), namely: 1) The central Mexican plateau, 2) the area of Oaxaca, 3) the Gulf of Mexico and finally 4) the immense Mayan zone.
Art of the Central Mexican Plateau
Teotihuacan is located in the Valley of Mexico, (State of Mexico, 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of modern-day Mexico City). At its peak, ca. the first half of the 1st millennium AD, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas. The city was probably established ca. 100 BC and may have lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries AD, although its major monuments were sacked and burned around 550 AD. Top: View…
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